What is fortune telling based on?

What is fortune telling based on?


As for the origin of eight-character fortune telling, it is generally believed that it originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty. The cultural factors related to it are the yin and yang and the five elements, and the heavenly stems and earthly branches.

From the end of the Warring States Period to the Han Dynasty, the Yin-Yang and the Five Elements gradually unified all things and brought various cultures into its framework, providing a theoretical basis for the emergence of eight-character fortune-telling. The Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches came into being during the Xia and Shang Dynasties. The Heavenly Stems were first used to record dates and were called Ten Days. The earthly branches are called Twelve Chens. The name Tiangan and Earthly Branches was only determined in the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the Shang Dynasty, the two were combined to record dates, from the beginning of Jiazi to the end of Guihai, a total of sixty days. The chronology of the stems and branches began in the 30th year of Jianwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty (54 AD). Ji Yue and Ji Ji are later, around the Tang Dynasty. Thirty years before Jianwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the stems and branches were limited to commemorating dates. After being applied to chronology, there are four characters in the eight characters. Decades later, Ban Gu's "White Tiger Tongyi" mentioned that some people used the stems and branches to deduce numerology. Since then, Guan Ren during the Three Kingdoms period, Guo Pu during the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Tao Hongjing during the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and others all studied and supplemented fortune telling. However, the theory was rough, the method was simple, and the scope was narrow, so it did not spread.

In the Tang Dynasty, Li Xuzhong was proficient in yin and yang and the five elements. He could infer the luck, longevity, good fortune and misfortune of a person's life based on the year, month and day of his birth. It is said that "a hundred different things" Lost one or two." On this basis, Xu Ziping of the Five Dynasties and early Song Dynasty evolved into the four-pillar method of using year, month, day and hour, with a total of eight characters, so it is also called "Eight Characters".

It can be seen that from the inception to the finalization of the eight-character fortune telling, it has always been restricted by the application of the stems and branches. Later, Xu Zisheng's "Yuanhai Ziping" came out, which is one of the important books in the history of eight-character fortune telling. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, eight-character fortune telling became more popular and became popular among both the government and the public. A series of numerology books came into being. Representative ones include "Drip Tiansui" written by Jingtu in the Song Dynasty and annotated by Liu Ji in the Ming Dynasty, "Sanming Tonghui" by Wan Minying in the Ming Dynasty, "The True Traces of Shenfeng Tongkao Numerology" by Zhang Nan, and Shen Xiaozhan in the Qing Dynasty. "Zi Ping Zhen Interpretation", Chen Su'an's "Numerology Promises", Yuan Shushan's "Exploring the Origin of Numerology" in modern times, etc.

In short, the arrangement and combination of the heavenly stems and earthly branches (i.e. the eight characters) in the year and month of a person's birth is destiny. However, it is impossible to predict the good or bad luck of your luck based on the dry eight dry branches. Therefore, the combination of Yin and Yang and the five elements makes the heavenly stems and earthly branches have the attributes of Yin and Yang and the five elements, and have a mutually reinforcing and mutually restraining relationship. And it derives many relationships such as punishment, conflict, harm, and combination. In addition, it is combined with factors such as the four seasons and five directions, day and night, and cloudy and clear weather to form a fortune-telling system. The relationship between birth and restraint is also known as Zhengyin, Pianyin, Shangguan, Cooking God, Zhengguan, Pianguan, Zhengcai, Piancai, Bijian and Jiecai, collectively referred to as the "Ten Gods". Another important concept in horoscope fortune telling is luck. Fate focuses on relatively stable life content such as wealth and poverty, while luck focuses on dynamic life issues such as good and bad luck, which is commonly referred to as fate. Luck includes big luck, minor luck and fleeting years. Luck is generally calculated from the birthday, according to the yang year and yin year of boys and girls, combined with the solar terms and months. The fleeting years, also known as Tai Sui, are arranged according to the stems and branches of each year experienced after a person is born.

In addition to fate and luck, there are also gods and evil spirits.Concepts such as the Five Elements of Sound, Feiyuan, and Life Palace. The so-called Shensha refers to fixing certain combinations of certain stems and branches into a pattern. Once these patterns appear in a person's horoscope, they are called a certain God or a certain Sha. God is the symbol of auspicious stars, evil is the symbol of evil stars. For example, the auspicious god "Wenchang Noble" indicates extraordinary intelligence and elegant temperament; the evil "Yin and Yang Error" indicates unsatisfactory marriages. Because the names of some gods sound mysterious, they are often used by charlatans to deceive people and defraud them of money. In front of a fortune-telling stall, it is common for people to report their birth time. The fortune teller will make a calculation and tell the fortune teller whether the fortune-teller is gold or wood. This involves the five elements of Nayin. Early numerology only used the stems and branches and the five elements. Nayin was an ancient phonological system introduced later, and its basis was also the generation and restraint of the five elements. The fetal element refers to the month when a person is conceived, and the Ming Palace refers to the place where the fate resides.

Eight-character fortune telling is based on the above concepts, focusing on the relationship between the sun and the four pillars and branches, combined with the great luck and the restraint between the fleeting stems and branches, and also referring to the small luck, Shensha, and Nanchang. The situation of Yin, Fei Yuan and Life Palace can be used to infer various situations in life. 3. Falsehood and Paradox If the characteristics of the horoscope fortune-telling theory can be summarized in one word, it would be - specious. It is said to be "seeming" because this theory often reflects feudal elements' thinking and exploration of life's destiny. It adopts a lot of knowledge from ancient natural philosophy and uses complicated deductions to make it sound logical. Not to mention that ordinary people are easy to blindly follow and believe things. Even people with a certain level of education will still be unable to distinguish the authenticity and the authenticity if they do not have specialized research.

Borogram fortune telling uses the eight characters to deduce destiny. The eight characters are the same but have different destinies. From the position, the life of parents, the lives of brothers and sisters, the life of spouse, the number and life of children, men and women, facial palms The horoscopes have the same destiny in thirteen aspects, including tattoos, bones, ancestral tombs and houses, genetic genes, social and family environment, planetary light spots on duty, and whether they believe in religion or not!

Eight-character fortune telling is the specific application of these theories, and it is also a reflection of the traditional Chinese philosophy of the relationship between man and nature. Two thousand years ago, Sima Qian raised the question of "investigating the relationship between heaven and man". After the Han Dynasty, the Yin Yang and Five Elements theories gradually formed to explain the relationships and changes among various things in the world. The theory of Yin-Yang and Five Elements is an ideological system that expresses the laws of natural and social evolution. It believes that the occurrence and development of things in the world are related to Yin-Yang and Five Elements.

Yin-Yang theory believes that everything in the universe can be divided into two categories, namely negative things and positive things; everything has two aspects, namely the negative aspect and the positive aspect; the formation, change and development of all things , are the result of the alternating changes of Yin and Yang.

The Five Elements Theory believes that the world is composed of five basic elements (i.e., the Five Elements) of metal, wood, water, fire, and earth. The five elements are mutually reinforcing each other and are the driving force for the world to change. Things develop according to the five elements. Variety.

So, as a member of the natural world, human beings’ life and death are naturally affected and influenced by their own and the yin and yang and five elements of nature. This is also a concrete manifestation of the Chinese philosophy of "harmony between man and nature". "The five elements transform into life to create all things, can be described as infinite and unpredictable. Those who sage legislate to predict destiny will not be able to escape. "(Wanmin English. Jiajing Jinshi, author of < gt;) The heavenly stems and earthly branches were invented by the Chinese for calculating calendars, that is, for expressing time. Later, people assigned yin and yang to the heavenly stems and earth. The meaning of the five elements, as well as the meanings of punishment, opposition, harm, and combination, are determined by the heavenly stems and earthly branches of the year, month, day, and time when a person was born, forming a person's horoscope. It was found that the horoscope has a direct relationship with a person's destiny. The relationship. Modern holographic theory believes that all celestial body movements will affect life on earth to varying degrees, thus leaving all information on earth life. In various complex movements of celestial bodies in the universe, the movement of the sun and moon affects life on earth. has the greatest influence. The best example of the moon's influence on people is the timing of women's menstruation. Most women's menstruation occurs around the first day of the lunar calendar, and their ovulation period occurs around the fifteenth day of the lunar calendar.

Modern science has proven , there is an inseparable relationship between human beings and the natural world.

I would like to know which books contain detailed records of ancient Chinese astrology?

★The origin of Western astrology

< p>●What is the origin of astrology? It is unknown due to its long history, but ancient legends and handed down documents can be traced back to ancient times.

●More than 3,000 years ago, On the great Mesopotamian plain formed by the alluvial deposits of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, the ancient nomads at that time combined the observation of celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon and other five planets, and the worship of celestial bodies with the primitive human beings. The beliefs of the people combined to develop a form of divination, which formed the basis of today's astrology. At that time, astrology was used to predict the weather, crop harvests, and all changes in nature and human beings.

● Until the More than 600 years ago, astrology was systematically summarized and organized by the Chaldeans, who established the great kingdom of Mesopotamia with Babylon as their capital. At that time, the movements of celestial bodies were observed with the naked eye, while the Chaldeans The Chaldeans had their own unique achievements in mathematics and calendar. The calendar we use now was created by Chaldean astrologers at that time. In modern Western culture, they were also the first to adopt honeymoon travel after the wedding ceremony. Yes, this is an astrological ritual, the meaning is to jointly open the door to happiness.

●In the fifth century BC, the Babylonians divided the zodiac into twelve 30-degree palaces, and it is currently known that The earliest astrological chart appeared in 409 BC. Later, the Greeks corresponded to the sun, moon and planets in the solar system to the gods in ancient Greek mythology. Later, the Latin names of these Greek gods became used in astrology in later generations.< /p>

●Astrologers define the interrelationship between the movements of stars and the imaginary distance from the earth based on the cosmic model proposed by astronomers. Astrologers establish a complete picture of the planets, the twelve constellations of the zodiac and everything in the world. The corresponding relationship between astrology and astrology has become more and more widespread. Simply put, the concept of astrology is to combine the microcosm that represents the human world with the macrocosm that represents the heavenly world.The unity of the universe refers to the concept of "the unity of heaven and man."

@Interesting new discovery

★The origin of the constellations seems to be even older, and it may be a relic of ancient civilization. From the movement of Leo represented by the Sphinx and the vernal equinox, the constellations tell us the time. More than 10,000 years ago, some people built the Sphinx. Interesting!

@Myth of the primitive era

★Nut, the Egyptian goddess of heaven, stretches her delicate body across the horizon of her husband, SEB, the earth god. The body is dotted with dazzling stars, and on the back floats the boat of the sun god Rui (RA), which sails from sunrise to sunset. Every day Rui is born as a baby in the morning, grows into a great god at noon, and grows old and dies at dusk. Therefore, all astrology regards the sun's daily journey from sunrise to sunset as the process of birth, adulthood, and old age.

@Planets, aspects and houses

●Astrology defines the different personality characteristics of each of the twelve zodiac signs, and then calculates them based on the birth time and birth place (longitude and latitude) of the person concerned Based on the location of the person concerned as the starting point, we can look at the positions of the planets in the solar system in the zodiac at that time. However, the phases and angles between the stars are changing at any time and have different interpretations. Therefore, even if the horoscopes of people born on the same day It will not be the same. The earth itself will also rotate, and the longitude will differ by one every four minutes. The horoscope is determined based on the eastern horizon at the time of birth, and then the 12 houses of life are divided accordingly.

●Astrology itself is like a calculation problem. The more accurate the data, the better (preferably down to the second). In this case, the astrology results will have more reference value. Astrology involves complex celestial calculations, so this is why ancient astrologers knew a little about astronomy.

@The origin of the 12 constellations and the 88 constellations

★ In ancient times, in order to facilitate the identification of directions and observation of celestial phenomena during navigation, the stars scattered in the sky were connected using imagination. Half of them were named in ancient times, and their naming methods were based on the myths and shapes of ancient civilizations (including the myths and epics of Mesopotamia, Babylon, Egypt, and Greece). The other half (mostly in the southern hemisphere's night sky) is named more recently, often after navigational instruments.

●In ancient times, due to different regions, the methods of "Lianliankan" were also different! Now the world has unified the constellation map, which divides the sky into eighty-eight regions and eighty-eight constellations.

●The "constellation" (SIGN) we generally talk about refers to the "Sun Constellation" (SUNSIGN); that is, centered on people on the earth, they can see the sun moving in its orbit at the same time (Greek ZODIAC: It means that the position of the constellation on the circle formed by animals, also known as the "zodiac", is the constellation of that person.

● More than 2,000 years ago, the Greek astronomer Hipparchus (190-120 BC) used the ecliptic to mark the position of the sun on the ecliptic.The belt is divided into twelve sections, with the vernal equinox as 0°. Counting from the vernal equinox (i.e., zero degree of the ecliptic), every 30° is a palace, and they are named after the main constellations contained in each palace at that time, in order Aries. , Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces and other signs are called the twelve signs of the zodiac. There are twelve constellations in total. Babies born when the earth rotates into each equal division (constellation) always have certain similar characteristics when they grow up, including behavioral traits. By connecting these associations (rich imagination and creativity), the human nature of these constellations is embodied; adding the color of mythology, they become an important part of culture (mainly Greek and Roman mythology). This set of numerology has evolved and been passed down to this day for at least five thousand years, and they are represented by these twelve constellations. However, these constellations do not mean a certain "star", they can only be regarded as "a representative mark with the same name."

Basic concepts of astrology

If you are new to astrology, you will definitely be confused by the many terms. Here we introduce the basic concepts of astrology to facilitate your review and analysis.

1. Birth Chart

The BirthChart (or BirthHoroscope) in English is the birth chart (or birth chart), which is an indispensable tool when studying astrology.

As we all know, the universe we live in is a three-dimensional space. In astrology, astrologers use projection to take out important elements and rewrite the state of the three-dimensional space on the plane of the two-dimensional space. This is what we see as the birth chart.

2. The relationship between birth charts and people

The relationship between birth charts and people can be vividly compared to: when a person is born, someone takes a photo in space , what is illuminated is the position of the stars moving in the sky.

Astrology uses the stars as a tool to measure things. In order to find a state in the constantly moving stars to relate to people, modern astrology adopts the concept of a starting point, that is, the star position at the beginning of a person's life is used to relate to the individual. To put it simply, a person is represented by his astral state at the time of his birth.

3. Stars

The stars used in astrology mainly include the sun, the moon and the major planets in the solar system. Sometimes some asteroids and stars are also added. Each star has different meanings.

4. Constellations

The so-called constellations start from the vernal equinox and divide the zodiac into twelve equal parts.

Constellations are the background for the movement of stars, but each constellation represents different properties. When a star falls into a certain constellation, it will have the characteristics of that constellation.

5. Basic points

The so-called basic points refer to the ascending, descending, zenith and nadir (the four coordinate vertices in the birth chart). They are all projected using optical principles at a specific time and place.Each point on the zodiac represents a different meaning.

6. Constellation Palace

Based on the basic points, the zodiac is divided into twelve parts, representing twelve areas of life.

7. Guardian star

The guardian star refers to the star in the birth chart that has a protective relationship with the constellation where the ascendant is located. For example, if the Ascendant of a birth chart is in Aries, its ruling planet is Mars. The ruler of your birth chart, or the sign and house it is in, is a very important concept. (Note: In many domestic explanations of constellations, it is wrong to interpret the guardian star as "corresponding to the guardianship relationship with the sun constellation", and here is a special reminder.)

8. The guardian star and the constellation palace Relationship

The house where the ruling star is located usually points out the focus of a person's life, or the most important area of ​​his life. For example, there is a person whose ascendant is in Aries, whose ruler is Mars, and because his Mars is in Libra, which happens to be in the seventh house, at this time, interpersonal relationships or marriage will become the focus of this person's life.

9. Ascendant

A star within eight degrees above and below the Ascendant is called an Ascendant.

The rising star will affect the characteristics of the ascendant, and which star the rising star is is usually more important than which constellation it is in, because the rising star is usually in the same constellation as the ascendant, but if it is in a different constellation, it will be particularly important. It's important.

10. Conjunction stars

Stars near the cardinal points are usually called conjunction stars.

The rising star is also a type of conjunction star, but because of its special importance, it is usually viewed separately. The more stars near a particular cardinal point, the greater the need for what that cardinal point symbolizes.

★What is astrology?

●This is a difficult question to answer. It includes mythology, astronomy, mathematics, philosophy, prophecy and religion. If you want to describe astrology~

1. Astrology is A set of symbolic language: In the most basic way, astrology is a set of language. This symbolic system mainly describes the relationship between the earth and other stars in the universe, and the most important part is to hope to understand other stars in the universe. Impact on the Earth.

2. Astrology is a tool: Of course, astrology can be used as a tool. All kinds of things on the earth can be analyzed from the perspective of astrology.

3. Astrology is a way of thinking: In addition to the practical part, astrology also has its own set of logic, and this set of logic is a way of thinking that is different from other of school.

@Stars are related to life on earth

●Since ancient times, humans have discovered that there seems to be some connection between the stars in the sky and life on earth. In ancient agricultural societies, human beings all relied on the sky for food. However, the changes in wind and cloud, ice, thunder, water, and fire are irresistible; they gradually discovered: the movement of the sun, moon and stars, the rise and fall of all things, and even the relationship between people.There are some subtle interactions between people's personality and destiny. It is mentioned in the "Book of Changes": "The image is formed in the sky, and the shape is formed on the earth." If the sky has this image, the earth will have this shape. Therefore, a science of destiny was developed by observing the stars in the sky, recording the results of the observations, and making statistical summaries.

@The planets are the protagonists

★Today’s astrology is an extension based on Chaldean astrology. This set of theories and deductions originated in ancient Central Asia - The Babylonians of Mesopotamia (that is, the Euphrates and Tigris river basins) have a history of about five thousand years. Through the evolution of time and the wisdom of countless masters, they have become a part of modern people's life. The main concepts are:

●When each person is born, every planet in the solar system (i.e., sun, moon, gold, wood, water, fire, earth, Neptune, Uranus, Pluto, and their satellites and the so-called fifth planetary group - the asteroid belt), all produce significantly different magnetic field effects on people depending on the angle and distance.

● The twelve extended constellations (i.e. 12 constellations) opposite each planet to the earth where humans live represent twelve different basic archetypes. This is a natural clue left by God in numerology for human beings. Each planet affects the main characteristics of people differently, and when these planets rotate, everyone's behavior and destiny will also change accordingly.

★ Simply put, what is astrology?

●Astrology is the science of looking at the relationship between stars and people. In what house and constellation are the stars located, how will they react to individuals and the world. When stars interact with each other in phase, they will have an impact on people. Which star affects what part of a person? What effect does it have when my star reacts with your star? The stars in the sky have a phase reaction with our stars. What impact will it have?

●This is what astrology cares about!

Astrology and Astronomy

★The astronomical basis of astrology

●Astrology and astronomy have been inseparable since ancient times. From a historical perspective, look at astrology The relationship between science and astronomy. At least we can say that they were from the same family five hundred years ago. There was no difference between astrology and astronomy at the earliest. This is because people who observe astronomical phenomena do so because of the need for astrology. There is no one who specializes in observing astronomical phenomena without astrology. Astrology and astronomy can be said to be the study of the same sky but from different perspectives.

●After the Scientific Revolution, some scientists began to regard astrology as an ancient and backward superstition, and diverged from astrology. Therefore, a group of people appeared who only cared about the stars in the sky, regardless of their relationship with the earth. Are there any connections to what happened? Nowadays, in order to know the positions of stars more accurately, astrologers mostly rely on astronomical knowledge as a basis, and the data used have also undergone precise astronomical calculations. Unfortunately, most astronomers in modern times have lost the ability to do astrology.

●Astrology and astronomy are closely related. Astrology must rely on astronomical observations andCalculations are used to find the positions of stars. Therefore, to learn astrology, you must first understand basic astronomical knowledge. To understand astrology, you must understand how astrology is related to the actual astronomical stars.

@The relationship between planets is based on constellations and houses

★Astrology is earth-centered. Although everyone now knows that the earth revolves around the sun, But what astrologers care about is the relationship between other stars and the earth, so most calculations in astrology are earth-centered, that is, the place where things happen is the reference point for calculation.

●Stars are the source of influence: Astrologers believe that stars in the sky will affect things that happen on the earth. Although it is not yet clear how the influence occurs, it can be said that stars are the source of influence. Constellations and palaces are tools used for measurement. Constellations represent 12 basic archetypal symbols, and palaces represent 12 basic scenes of contact between people and the world. As for how to estimate the influence of stars, there are two main tools in astrology. One is the familiar constellation, which divides the zodiac into twelve equal intervals from the vernal equinox; the other is the palace. That is to say, the zodiac is divided into twelve intervals from the ascendant; all stars will fall into a certain sign and a certain house. Depending on the relationship between the stars, when seen from the earth, there is an angle between each star; it may be zero degrees, or it may be 180 degrees. This is the so-called phase in astrology.

●Star chart structure

★Integrate the language of astrology into the star chart using poetry and philosophy.

Imagine you are a new baby born into this world.

★The human entity occurs within the horizon of meaning that unfolds around us. He divided heaven into the visible heaven in our consciousness and the unconscious invisible heaven below the earth. The entire sky, the "universe," revolves around us from east to west every day. Carrying the sun, moon, stars and ecliptic across our sky represents the changing nature of human experience. Directly above our local sky is the zenith. He represents where we are going and the future. On the contrary, the point on the other side, passing through the center of the earth, is the nadir. This is the past, where we came from, and where we will return. From the immovable polar axis of the rotating sky to the zenith and nadir, and orthogonal to the horizontal lines, are the north and south meridians. This is our connection to the center of the universe and our line of time and history. Meridians and horizontal lines intersect, cutting out four quadrants of our sky. This is the cross we bear and the destiny we are assigned.

●Constellation [Prototype]

★Constellations usually refer to the constellations in the sky, which are fixed to the earth. Connect them and remember them graphically. , used to identify the orientation of celestial bodies.

★The 12 constellations of the zodiac are the 12 constellations located on the zodiac among the 88 constellations. In astrology, the meaning of the constellation is synonymous with the direction of the universe, representing 12 basic patterns and expressions.present form. What most people call sun signs now is a classification based on the sun and the 12 constellations as prototypes, which is different from the 12 constellations on the celestial sphere. They are two levels apart from each other.

●Stars [force]

★In astrology, the so-called stars refer to the planets that are relatively close to us in the solar system. They are relatively close to the earth, have strong gravitational force, and have strong influence. More direct. For example: the movement of the moon is related to tides and women's menstrual cycles. Major earthquakes are mostly caused by the 90-degree angle between Jupiter, Pluto and Uranus, which all prove the influence of stars on the earth. In astrology, the stars are the driving forces, a person's abilities, and the actors on the stage of life.

●House [Life]

★The house is the 12 blocks drawn based on the observer's eastern horizon at the time of birth. In astrology, houses represent an individual's interaction with his or her environment, the place where actions take place, and the situations in which one is engaged. The 12 palaces represent different life scenes, such as self, family, marriage... and other different situations of interaction between individuals and the world.

●Solar System

★The earth we live in is a beautiful planet located in the solar system. The solar system is composed of the sun and other stars surrounding the sun. These stars include nine planets, more than 60 satellites, and countless asteroids and comets. The solar system is like a big disk in space. The orbits of the planets are elliptical. The planets orbit the sun in the same direction and at different speeds. Therefore, the planets we see from the earth can There is a difference between antegrade and retrograde. The moon is a satellite of the earth. It orbits the earth. On the earth, we can see that the moon waxes and wanes.

●Celestial Sphere

★With the Earth as the center, an imaginary sphere extending infinitely into space is called the Celestial Sphere. The planets follow the Sun's path on the celestial sphere (the ecliptic), passing through the 12 constellations of the zodiac. We have established an observation system on the celestial sphere to facilitate the observation and recording of stars.


★The so-called ecliptic refers to the orbit of the sun on the celestial sphere. The earth’s rotation axis is tilted to the ecliptic plane by about 23.5 degrees (that is, the angle between the ecliptic and the equator is about 23.5 degrees). This results in different changes in cold and heat in the four seasons of the year. In astrology, the positions of all stars are based on the projection plane of the ecliptic, because from the observer's point of view, the earth is a stationary observation point.

@Coordinate system SYSTEM

★Celestial sphere and coordinate system

Celestial sphere: An imaginary sphere with the earth as the center and an infinite radius , all celestial bodies appear to move on the equidistant surface of the celestial sphere

Celestial axis: the axis on which the celestial sphere rotates

Celestial poles: both ends of the celestial axis

★ Equatorial coordinate system


Celestial equator: The orbit on the celestial sphere equidistant from the two poles

Right ascension: The scale on the celestial equator from the vernal equinox

Declination : The scale from the celestial equator to north and south

★Ecliptic coordinates


Ecliptic (Ecliptic): the path that the sun passes on the celestial sphere


Ecliptic longitude: the scale on the zodiac from the vernal equinox

Ecliptic latitude: the scale from the ecliptic to the north and south

Zodiac (Zodiac): the eight degrees north and south of the ecliptic Area within

★Horizon Coordinate System


Ground plane: tangent plane at the observer’s location

Horizon : The intersection between the ground plane and the celestial sphere

Zenth: The point on the celestial sphere vertically above the observer's position

Meridian: The sky passing through the observer's position The longitude of the top

●Brings the ecliptic to the earth

★The position of the planets and the apparent constellations of the ecliptic at any time are the same for everyone in the world. This position reflects the universal symbolic language.

●Specific interpretation

★Astrologers "shape" star charts, which are the sky maps of a certain area on earth at a certain moment. Natal astrology is shaped for the moment of birth, but can be cast for anything at any time and place.

@Palace System SYSTEM

●The astronomical definition of palace

★Palace is based on the observer, who observes the relative position of the celestial body through The relative orientation relationship produced by the correction of the earth's rotation angle. A baby is born when the horizon and meridian intersect the ecliptic circle at four points. Determines the angles (Angles) of the four zodiac cosmic symbols on the star chart~

(1) Ascending (ASC, Ascendant, rising constellation) is the angle at which the ecliptic rises on the eastern horizontal line. Representing one’s contact with the world, this is the body and characteristics of an individual that actually exists.

(2) Descendant (DES, Descendant, descending constellation) is the angle at which the western horizon falls. Contrary to the Ascension, it indicates connection with others, thus the union of companionship and sex.

(3) The highest point beyond the upper meridian is the Midheaven (MC, Medium Coeli). The meridian connects the highest point of the zenith, so MC represents achievement, career and power.

(4) The opposite of MC is the nadir . Located at the lowest point, it represents home as well as ancestors and one's roots.

●Each quadrant is further divided into three parts to form the twelve houses in the star chart that represent various aspects of life. Quadrants generally vary in size on the ecliptic, and although astrologers interpret the zodiac signs very closely,But there are many different ways to differentiate between houses. This means that the complete zodiac system produces different zodiac positions for the intervening houses. so troublesome! The most popular system is the method of Placidus, an Italian monk in the 17th century. A similar system in modern times is the Topocentric method. Another method abandons the concept of trine quadrants and only uses the ascendant to calculate the twelve 30-degree ecliptic to divide the star houses (equal-house system). Horoscopes can be drawn in several different ways.

●Astronomical definition of house cardinal points

Ascendant (Asc):

The intersection of the eastern horizon and the ecliptic.

Descendant (Dsc):

The intersection of the western horizon and the ecliptic.

Zenith (Medium Coeli, MC):

The place where the ecliptic is closest to the zenith, which is the intersection of the ecliptic and the meridian in the sky.

Nadir (ImunCoeli, IC):

The intersection of the ecliptic and the meridian underground.

●The house system in astrology

There are many ways to divide the houses, some of which are as follows:

1. Equally divided house system ( EqualHouses)

2. Solar House System

3. Quadrant Houses (Quadrant Houses)

4. Time House System ( Placidus House System)

-The most widely used house system

5. Koch House System (Koch House System)

-The most widely used house system in the United States

6. (PorphyryHouseSystem)

-The earliest quarter system

7. (CampanusHouseSystem)

-Equally divided main vertical The circle's house system

8. (RegiomontanusHouseSystem)

-The celestial sphere is equally divided into the equator, with the horizon as the first house

9. (MorinusHouseSystem)

-The equator of the celestial sphere is equally divided and the meridian is the tenth house

School of astrology

Divination is a means for humans to request action instructions from gods or obtain the emotions and will of gods. This kind of witchcraft has a long history.

"Kaiyuan Divination Scripture of the Tang Dynasty" is a divination book written by Qutan Sidda summarizing various omen-response patterns before the Tang Dynasty. It reaches 120 volumes. It can be seen that divination and witchcraft in ancient China was very developed. The objects of divination include various natural objects such as heaven, earth, sun and moon, birds and beasts, vegetation and grains., the methods of divination are even more bizarre, such as tortoise shell divination, "Yi" divination, money divination, animal divination, fuji and word splitting, etc. The divination of the sun, moon and stars is collectively called star divination, that is, star divination or astrology.

The earliest astrologers in our country were Gan De from Qi State during the Warring States Period, Shi Shen from Wei State, and Wu Xian, the minister of King Taiwu of Shang Dynasty. The first two are recorded in Sima Qian's "Historical Records: Tiangong Shu". According to this example, all history books in the future will write a section on astrology. Astronomy was separated from astrology. In the era when Gan and Shi lived, astronomy and astrology were mixed together. What Gan Shi and others wanted to study was not the principles of natural science. They used all the data and means to study the relationship between celestial phenomena and human affairs.

The planets visible to the naked eye of the ancients were the five planets, called the five elements. The ancients assigned different attributes to the five elements to explain nature and society. The five elements are interdependent and complex. The sky is like a huge balloon. The observer stands in the center of the balloon, and the sun, moon and stars are all attached to the wall of the celestial sphere. The balloon rotates. The celestial sphere band with a certain width above the observer's head is called the zodiac. The zodiac is different. There are different stars scattered in the area, and the planets, sun, and moon move along the zodiac according to their respective cycles. Astrology connects different areas of the zodiac to different nations on the earth. The boundaries of the areas are divided according to the period of the movement of the year star. The year star, Jupiter, is the second brightest star visible to the naked eye in the sky, second only to Venus in brightness. Jupiter is also the largest planet in the solar system. Because the year star revolves around the ecliptic every 11.9 years, if the area where the year star moves every year is one star, the ecliptic can be divided into twelve star times, which is equivalent to the twelve zodiac signs in Western astrology. The zodiac was a random invention of the ancient Babylonians. Later, the stars in each zodiac were regarded as a constellation. These constellations were attached to the images of humans and beasts in ancient Greek mythology and became the twelve constellations. The twelve constellations popular today are just one of the ancient zodiac divisions, but they are said by astrologers to be the inevitable result. In the ancient Warring States period, the zodiac was also divided into twenty-eight constellations. In "Historical Records Tiangong Shu", the twenty-eight constellations correspond to different states. For example, Jiao, Kang, and Disu correspond to Gunzhou; Fangsu and Xinsu correspond to Yuzhou. Due to the movement of planets, for example, Jupiter entering Spica, there will be some omens in Gunzhou. Since astrologers have a table corresponding to the twenty-eight constellations and states and counties, abnormal celestial phenomena such as planetary interference, solar eclipses, and lunar eclipses will appear in the That star means that a certain situation will occur in a certain country or state on the earth. From another perspective, if we want to divine the situation of any country or state, we only need to look at a few stars.

The sun shines so brightly, how can you tell which constellation it is located in? It turns out that the ancients observed the position of the sun's stars at sunset. For example, when the sun sets on the horizon and the stars are faintly visible, we know which constellation appears in the west after the sun sets. We also know from observation which constellations are to the west and east of a certain constellation. In this way, we can infer the position of the sun. In which constellation.

The main anomalies in the stars include solar eclipses, lunar eclipses, comets, and meteors.The appearance of stars and various planets. The positions of different planets are also considered. For example, when Jupiter is in the heart constellation, which constellation the other four planets are in, and what kind of geometric shapes they form between them, all have hidden meanings. The mechanism of this kind of astrology is consistent at home and abroad. For example, August 18, 1999, the most auspicious day in modern Chinese numerical superstition, is considered to be a cross because the major planets and the sun and the earth form a cross in the horoscope. It is unlucky.

In addition to introducing the twenty-eight constellations, the "Tang Kaiyuan Divination Scripture" also introduces the five-star divination, "Chinese and foreign palace divination" of stone, Gan and witchcraft. The five stars refer to Suixing, Yinghuo, Chuan, Chen and Taibai, which are what are called today wood, fire, earth, water and metal. The Zhongwai Palace refers to the stars other than the five stars and the twenty-eight constellations. Stars disappear at sunrise and appear at sunset. This is a normal phenomenon, but sometimes the stars do not hide or appear when they should, which is an ominous sign. Stars see the morning and evening of time, which is also an omen. "Tiangongshu" says that once "the stars appeared as a lunar eclipse, and the stars appeared as comets and sky coats. If they don't come out for a while, there will be disharmony at that time; if they don't come out at four o'clock, the world will be hungry. If they don't come out at the right time, it will be cold and warm." , when the temperature is cold and when it is cold. When it cannot come out, it is called a strike, and the army rises." The star is closest to the sun, and it only takes 88 days to orbit the sun. Its angle of view from the sun is not large, and it is always at the left and right of the sun. It is obscured by sunlight, making it difficult to see clearly, and because it is disturbed by the atmosphere near the horizon, it looks like it is undulating in water, hence the name Mercury. When the star is to the west of the sun, you can still see it before sunrise. This means that it should be rising. If it is to the east of the sun, it should not be rising. Using this to predict the cold, warmth, misfortune and blessings of the world, he is really a busy astrologer.

The "integration and separation" of the five stars are important basis for astrology. Unity means meeting in a certain star. It is common for certain stars in the Five Elements to gather in a certain star, but in which star and which stars they meet, there are different signs. Scattering means gathering without rowing, that is, gathering that violates the rules. To commit a crime is to commit a crime, that is, when a planet travels close to a certain star, and the light is within seven inches of each other, it is probably the minimum standard for committing a crime, and it is a bad omen. The range of crimes is very wide, five stars commit crimes against each other, five stars commit crimes against the twenty-eight constellations, and five stars commit crimes against each star level. The twenty-eight constellations refer to Jiao, Di, Kang, Fang, Xin, Wei, Ji, Dou, Niu, Nv, Xu, Wei, Shi, Bi, Kui, Lou, Stomach, Pleiades, Bi, Gou, Shen, and Well. , ghost, willow, star, Zhang, Yi, Zhen. The respective omens of each place correspond to the personnel affairs in each place. Shou, Shou refers to the stay of a planet in a certain constellation during its movement, which is generally a bad omen. Guarding is not a crime because it is not a close contact, less than "within seven inches of light reaching each other".

Chinese astrology is a kind of royal astrology, which predicts national events. Although this astrological theory is generally applicable to all living beings, from the perspective of correspondence between heaven and man, the brightest stars are Allocated to big shots, ordinary people can only deal with some unknown stars. In astrology, meteors, comets and other visions correspond to misfortunes in the world. However, ordinary people do not think that they are a sign that something bad will happen to their family, but that they herald major social events, such as "disasters"."years" and "famine years".

Emperors of all dynasties in Chinese history paid great attention to celestial phenomena, because they all believed that celestial phenomena expressed God's will. Among the many celestial phenomena, there are two that have attracted much attention: one is the five stars Lianzhu, the second is Yinghuo Shouxin. What is the Five-Star Lianzhu? It means that the five planets of gold, wood, water, fire and earth are aligned in a straight line. This is regarded as the most auspicious celestial phenomenon. Historical records record that Liu Bang once ascended the throne in the year There is a celestial phenomenon of five stars in a row. What is the most unlucky celestial phenomenon? Yinghuo Shouxin.

What is "Yinghuo Shouxin"? In ancient China, "Mars" was called "Yinghuo", and among the twenty-eight stars, "Mars" was called "Yinghuo". "Antarctica" is referred to as "Heart". "Antarctica" is the "Scorpio" in modern astronomy, which is mainly composed of three stars. When Mars moves near the three stars of Scorpio and stays there for a period of time, it will appear It represents the celestial phenomenon that ancient Chinese people often say is "the brightest star in the middle of the three stars in Scorpio represents the emperor, and the two stars next to it, one represents the prince, and the other represents the emperor. Represents the concubine.

Why is this celestial phenomenon considered unlucky? Ancient Chinese astronomy is called astrology. The most important task of astrology is to serve the imperial power. The emperor established an astrologer. Assume that this official position only serves the emperor. The appearance of "Yinghuo Shouxin" in the eyes of the ancients means that the emperor will lose his throne in the slightest case, and the emperor will die in the worst case. We can look at an example recorded in the history books in the late Western Han Dynasty.< /p>

In mid-spring of the second year of Suihe (7 BC), someone reported to the Prime Minister of Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty that there was a celestial phenomenon of "Yinghuo Shouxin". When the Prime Minister saw the memorial, he was very embarrassed and didn't know what to do. The astrologer reported the memorial Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty said that the celestial phenomena had changed and the country's fate was in danger. If the ministers were not blamed, the country would be in danger. Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty truly believed this and was very panicked after seeing the report. He decided to blame the prime minister without much thought. In order for the emperor to He always spares no effort to protect himself, and besides, the prime minister is the first choice for causing trouble. So Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty immediately summoned the prime minister to court and reprimanded him for being prime minister for many years and failing to regulate yin and yang, which caused the celestial phenomena to mutate. Early the next morning, Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty sent someone I sent an edict to the prime minister, saying that I originally thought you were clear-headed and brave, and I hoped you could govern the country well, but you have been prime minister for ten years, but you have brought disaster to the country. How can a prime minister like you help me govern the world? I miss you. After serving the country for many years, I can't bear to dismiss you. I hope you can worry about the country as well as your home. Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty also gave him good wine and oxen. According to the practice of the Han Dynasty, the emperor gave his ministers oxen and wine, which was a gift of death. Prime Minister Knowing the emperor's intention and having no way to solve it, he had no choice but to drink poison and commit suicide. After the prime minister committed suicide, Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty relaxed his mind and quickly announced that the prime minister had died of a sudden illness and ordered a generous pension. Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty also personally visited the prime minister's home. After many condolences, he believed that from now on, the country's destiny would be prosperous, and his destiny would be permanent. But within a year, Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty who had framed the blame on others also died suddenly.

School 1 <> (Modern astrology)

Features: A school of thought that emerged in modern times. Applying a lot of psychological knowledge and emphasizing the influence of constellations and planets

is currently the mainstream in Taiwan's astrology community.

Representatives: Starting from Alan Leo of the Theosophical Society to Dane Rudhyar and Stephen Arroyo. There are too many Chinese books to list.

School 2 <> (Traditional/classical astrology)

Features: Probably the predecessor of modern astrology. Using house lords, focusing on the power of planets, is commonly used in divination.

Representative: William Lily, the Chinese book includes "Mouni Pavilion Tianbu Zhenyuan" and Zhong Yiming's practice of choosing a day for stars.

School Three <> (Ancient astrology)

Features: Retro astrology, the content is early astrology of various countries, such as the astrology of the Greek era, Use the Protection house (small limit).

Representative: Vettius Valens, no Chinese book.

School 4 <> (Uranus astrology)

Features: Use the midpoints of planets and make judgments based on planetary combinations.

Representative: The combination of stellar influence by Ebertin, no Chinese book.

School 5 <> (Harmonic astrology)

Features: Use multiples of astrological points to draw a new horoscope for judgment.

Representative: Eddey’s Harmonic astrology, Japanese Ishikawa Kogen’s Divisional harmonics is its extension. No Chinese books.

School Six<>

Features: The use of heavenly stems and earthly branches, with many Chinese books and teachings.

Sub-school 1: The theory of degree is the main one, represented by the Guolaoxing Sect, with works by Zheng Fusheng, Lu Qinghe, and Li Guangpu.

Sub-school 2: The main theory is palace, represented by Shu Ying Qianyuan Secret Edict, such as Huo Minqing and Wu Shiqing both have works. The day-selection method of the Jiang Dahong School is its extended application.

School Seven <>(Vedic astrology)

Features: using planetary patterns (yoga) and divisions. Representative: There are teachings by Hong Nengping in China, but no Chinese books.

School eight<>(Arobic astrology Hijri calendar)

Features: Application of Arabic points and strong exaltation stars (ALMUTEN).

Representatives: Translation of astronomical documents, Wang Zhonghe’s practical astrology.

Nine Schools<>

Features: Use twenty-seven (eight) Sus.

Sub-genre 1: China's bird performances are mostly used for choosing the day and military formations, such as Chi Benli's "The Bird Star Is Easy to See" and Zhong Ximing's "Selecting the Day".

Sub-school 2: The Su Yao Tao spread in Japan, such as the Su Yao Sutra of the Tripitaka Esoteric Buddhism.

School Ten<>

It should not be considered astrology, but extended applications such as tarot cards and spiritual mathematics.

School 11<>

It is also an extension of astrology and is a combination of Western astrology and traditional Chinese nomenclature.